Definition of Jewish calendar in English:

Jewish calendar

noun

  • A complex ancient calendar in use among Jewish people.

    • ‘The Maharal, the great 16th century philosopher, comments that the Jewish calendar can be divided into two sections.’
    • ‘Yom Kippur, the holiest day on the Jewish calendar, starts at sunset tomorrow, and the three-game series at San Francisco begins that night.’
    • ‘According to the Jewish calendar, the year is 5749.’
    • ‘Now the Mishnah continues to the next day of importance in the Jewish calendar, Tu B'Av.’
    • ‘All holidays on the Jewish calendar, especially Passover, celebrate and reinforce this collective identity.’
    • ‘The sixth month of the Jewish calendar is called Adar, and in leap years there are two Adars called Adar I and Adar II.’
    • ‘The present Jewish calendar uses the 19-year Metonic cycle made up of 12 common years and 7 leap years.’
    • ‘In 1973, Egypt and Syria attacked Israel on the holiest day of the Jewish calendar, Yom Kippur.’
    • ‘I know I've already missed Chinese New Year, but when does the year begin on the Jewish calendar?’
    • ‘The Jewish calendar, largely lunar, has a cycle of intercalation that contains 7 leap years during each 19-year period.’
    • ‘The Jewish calendar, a highly complex system, is ‘lunisolar ‘, where the years are solar and months lunar.’
    • ‘What is the significance of basing the Jewish calendar on the moon?’
    • ‘It was the only day in the Jewish calendar when the high priest could enter the innermost room of the temple - the most holy place.’
    • ‘The Jewish calendar is a combined moon and sun calendar, unlike the conventional Western calendar.’
    • ‘Do you follow the Jewish calendar or the secular calendar?’
    • ‘My faith started its celebration of the New Year last night, marking the 5, 765th year on the Jewish calendar.’
    • ‘The Bible forbids the Jews to participate in his festival, but Tammuz is still retained as a month name in the Jewish calendar.’
    • ‘Passover is one of the biggest events in the Jewish calendar.’
    • ‘The holiday of Purim is one of the most festive on the Jewish calendar.’
    • ‘It is no wonder therefore that Jews marked the day of his death as a sad day on the Jewish calendar.’

It is a lunar calendar adapted to the solar year, normally consisting of twelve months but having thirteen months in leap years, which occur seven times in every cycle of nineteen years. The years are reckoned from the Creation (which is placed at 3761 BC); the months are Nisan, Iyyar, Sivan, Thammuz, Ab, Elul, Tishri, Hesvan, Kislev, Tebet, Sebat, and Adar, with an intercalary month (First Adar) being added in leap years. The religious year begins with Nisan and ends with Adar, while the civil year begins with Tishri and ends with Elul