Definition of Jainism in English:



  • [mass noun] A non-theistic religion founded in India in the 6th century bc by the Jina Vardhamana Mahavira as a reaction against the teachings of orthodox Brahmanism, and still practised there. The Jain religion teaches salvation by perfection through successive lives, and non-injury to living creatures, and is noted for its ascetics.

    See also Svetambara and Digambara
    • ‘Jains celebrate the attaining of Moksha (Nirvana, or eternal bliss) by the founder of Jainism, Lord Mahavira.’
    • ‘Even today Jainism is practiced in many parts of India especially in the State of Gujarat and parts of Karnataka.’
    • ‘Like my religion of Jainism, Buddhism teaches this practice of patient restraint.’
    • ‘Christianity emphasises the importance of love, compassion and service; Islam, the brotherhood of man and Jainism, compassion to all creatures great and small.’
    • ‘Nonviolence, ahimsa, the primary basis of vegetarianism, has long been central to the religious traditions of India - especially Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism.’