Definition of Ionian in English:

Ionian

noun

  • 1A member of an ancient Hellenic people inhabiting Attica, parts of western Asia Minor, and the Aegean islands in pre-classical times. Apparently displaced from some areas by the Dorians in the 11th or 12th century bc, they retained their settlements in Attica, especially Athens, where they were responsible for some of the greatest achievements of classical Greece.

    • ‘This event had been foretold by Thales, the Milesian, who forewarned the Ionians of it, fixing for it the very year in which it took place.’
    • ‘Herodotus speaks of Ionians, Dorians, Herakleeidai, and Akhaians among the Greeks, that is, with aggregative self-definitions.’
    • ‘So, this Greek people, as we can call them today, the ancient Greeks, typified by the case of Thales, who was Ionian, or the case of the Pythagoreans, developed a science based on Egypt, which is called spherics.’
    • ‘The finest frieze shows a long line of dependent races paying tribute to the Persian king: the Ionians have brought balls of wool, the Cappadocians horses, the Parthians donkeys and jars.’
    • ‘Thurii, an Athenian colony established in 444/3 in southern Italy on the site of Sybaris, constitutes a special case in the colonial pattern, since individuals from several poleis, both Ionian and Dorian, joined in the settlement.’
    • ‘He consulted Bias about the best way to deploy warships against the Ionians of the Aegean islands.’
    • ‘Thales and the Ionians on the mainland were the Founders of Applied Science.’
    • ‘Anaxagoras was an Ionian, born in the neighbourhood of Smyrna in what today is Turkey.’
    • ‘Thales of Miletus had foretold this loss of daylight to the Ionians, fixing it within the year in which the change did indeed happen.’
    • ‘The Greeks and Trojans are described as ethnically similar; Thracians were more often blond then mainlanders, Ionians more prone to semitic cult deities and Persian cultural influence.’
  • 2A native or inhabitant of the Ionian Islands.

adjective

  • Relating to the Ionians, Ionia, or the Ionian Islands.

    • ‘The islands grab the lion's share of tourist attention: the Cyclades with their white villages crisp against an indigo sky; the softer, greener beauty of the Ionians; Crete, a continent and civilisation in itself; and so many more.’
    • ‘In 1826, he had made a major botanical trip to the Ionian Islands off the west coast of Greece - to Corfu, Zante and Cefalonia - setting up a herbarium of Ionian plants, which are now held at Kew.’
    • ‘The Greek atomists invented atomism as an answer to the scientific question which the Ionian philosophers were asking, namely ‘what permanent stuff is the physical world made of?’’
    • ‘The peninsula is bounded by the Ionian, Mediterranean, and Aegean Seas.’
    • ‘Histiaeus overboldly promised to regain the allegiance of Miletus and other Ionian cities that Aristagoras, his appointed deputy and relative, had led into rebellion.’
    • ‘In general, these new ideas came as a result of an influx of Ionian thinkers into the Attic peninsula.’
    • ‘The British were reluctant to cede the Ionians back to Greece in the 1860s, and it's easy to see why.’
    • ‘Albania is a Mediterranean country sitting on the coast of the Adriatic and Ionian seas.’
    • ‘Only five per cent of the total surface area of the region's agricultural land is planted with vines, most of them close to the northern, Tyrrhenian coast or the southern, Ionian coast.’
    • ‘The Ionian and Aegean seas and the many deep bays and natural harbors along the coastlines allowed the Greeks to prosper in maritime commerce and to develop a culture which drew inspiration from many sources, both foreign and indigenous.’
    • ‘At the time of the Ionian revolt the Ephesian Thesmophoria were celebrated near the borders of the city's territory.’
    • ‘On the other hand, it would be wrong to think of him as a straightforward natural philosopher in the manner of other Ionian philosophers, for he is deeply concerned with the moral implications of physical theory.’
    • ‘Located at the southern end of the Balkan Peninsula, Greece includes over 1,500 islands in the Ionian and Aegean Seas.’
    • ‘The country is bordered by Albania, the former Yugoslavian Republic of Macedonia, Bulgaria, Turkey, and the Aegean, Ionian, and Cretan seas.’
    • ‘Prometheus assures her that a sea, the Ionian, will be named after her and that she will have a son with Zeus when she is returned to a human being.’
    • ‘Considered the centre of the Cyclades in Antiquity, Delos became the principal cult centre of Ionian Greeks from the 8th century bc.’
    • ‘He permanently rejected the long Greek robes, and adopted trousers, turning away from Ionian culture and identifying himself strongly with the East.’
    • ‘Making detailed use of a wealth of archival information, Gallant vividly reconstructs nineteenth-century Ionian life.’
    • ‘Corinth owed much of its early success as a port to the fact that it was actually two ports - one to the Ionian and Adriatic Seas on the west side, and the other to the Aegean Sea on the east side, then separated only by the narrow isthmus.’
    • ‘After the Italians invaded during World War II, an earthquake in 1953, measuring 7.3 on the Richter Scale caused much damage to it and other Ionian islands.’

Pronunciation:

Ionian

/ʌɪˈəʊnɪən/