Definition of Indian in English:

Indian

adjective

  • 1Relating to India or to the subcontinent comprising India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh.

    • ‘Despite fears of a war, many observers believe, however, that a concerted Indian attack on Pakistan is unlikely.’
    • ‘And it has endured; it is already specifically Indian and forms the basis of modern Indian culture.’
    • ‘The city's large Asian population makes it is easier to integrate refugees from the Indian sub-continent including Pakistan and Bangladesh.’
    • ‘Persia, now Iran, was once a vast empire stretching from Egypt and the Danube to the Indian sub-continent.’
    • ‘Newspapers published by Indian communities flourish everywhere, and they invariably carry a section with matrimonial ads.’
    • ‘The exposition is the first one to take Indian designers to Pakistan.’
    • ‘This pressure led the police to deport even Indian nationals to Bangladesh.’
    • ‘It is no coincidence that these countries are among the poorest on the planet and include Sudan, Ethiopia, Senegal, Afghanistan and parts of the Indian sub-continent.’
    • ‘Is the idea that this may become a breakthrough for Indian film in America, dragging India's Bollywood film culture into modern day?’
    • ‘And Muslim Pakistan still occupies Indian territory in Kashmir that it seized by force in 1948.’
    • ‘Pakistan described the Indian proposal as old and unworkable.’
    • ‘Such a struggle will find a powerful response from the urban and rural masses in Sri Lanka, in the Indian sub-continent as a whole and internationally.’
    • ‘After the success of its gridiron coverage, Channel 4 turned its attentions to the subcontinent and the ancient Indian discipline kabaddi.’
    • ‘It does not, however, seem to have come out of the Indian sub-continent, where so many Greek, Latin, European and Slavonic words are sourced.’
    • ‘In this context, it is critical to review the bitter experience of the masses in the Indian sub-continent, particularly in India and Sri Lanka.’
    • ‘The families of many of the Asian youth who were involved in the disturbances had originally come to the UK from the Indian sub-continent to work in the mills.’
    • ‘There is never a dull moment in the great Indian sub-continent, is there?’
    • ‘Bangladesh and Indian border troops exchanged fire Thursday for the second straight day as tension rose on the entire border of the two countries.’
    • ‘That vast country has over a million troops on the ready after rebels thought to be from Pakistan attacked an Indian army camp in Kashmir.’
    • ‘A spokesman for Pakistan further enraged Indian opinion by answering that India may have staged the attack upon itself.’
  • 2Relating to the indigenous peoples of America.

    • ‘Through Black Elk Speaks, the Great Vision helped stimulate a revival of Indian spirituality throughout North America.’
    • ‘At their peak around 1492, the Indian population of North America had long been transforming the forest for agriculture and hunting.’
    • ‘This Indian Territory was where eastern Indian tribes such as the Kickapoos, Delawares, and Shawnees lived.’
    • ‘Many were genre scenes showing everyday Indian life featuring teepees and mounted warriors in traditional costume.’
    • ‘The top link of the food chain in this region belongs to the polar bears and the Inuit Indian people who are indigenous to this world of ice and cold.’
    • ‘Both the Sumu and Miskito languages are derived from the Chibchan Indian language family of South America.’
    • ‘Born at Shongopovi, Second Mesa, on the Hopi Indian reservation, Tewanima chased jackrabbits as a boy.’
    • ‘The Cherokee War consisted of three campaigns from South Carolina against the Cherokee Indian nations.’
    • ‘Much of the frontier became ‘civilized’ at the cost of shrinking Seminole lands and desecrating Indian burial mounds.’
    • ‘Richard Gott writes on the deepening rebellion sweeping through Latin America and the key role played by indigenous Indian peoples’
    • ‘Ironically, as hard and grueling as this brutal old Indian game is, lacrosse retained a reputation as sort of polo without the ponies.’
    • ‘Batista has visited six tribes, sleeping in their housing eating meals with them and relaying to them the teachings of his Carib Indian grandmother.’
    • ‘As with most Indian tribes in North America the lives of the Apache were destroyed as their life-blood, the buffalo were slaughtered by the whites.’
    • ‘He has witnessed weddings featuring lone pipers, ladies' choirs and even a Sioux Indian ceremony for an American couple wishing to reflect their roots.’
    • ‘The British never solved the problems that had caused the war, nor did they develop a consistent Indian policy for North America.’
    • ‘For the Oneida Nation, Indian gaming is about self-sufficiency and concern for the seventh generation.’
    • ‘There are two sources of native borrowing: the Canadian Indian languages such as Cree, Dene, and Ojibwa, and Inuktitut, the language of the Inuit or Eskimo.’
    • ‘Much of the land along rivers above Klamath Lake was former Indian allotment land.’
    • ‘Derick operated his first projector at the age of 10, and apart from 20 years as a bingo hall manager on the edge of Indian reservations in America, has been a slave to the silver screen.’
    • ‘The extent of nationalist mobilization also differs amongst the various Indian tribes in America.’

noun

  • 1A native or inhabitant of India, or a person of Indian descent.

    • ‘It is, for Indians, their most significant national monument; one they will travel great distances to see.’
    • ‘The second main group were foreign nationals; Indians, Singapore Chinese, Africans and others.’
    • ‘Native Indians and nationalism, the subjects of these two books, are both topics highly relevant to globalisation.’
    • ‘After all I thought that just as India was for Indians so were Indians for India!’
    • ‘However, there might be differences in this phenotype between immigrant and native Asian Indians.’
    • ‘There is also the massive and growing presence of Indians and persons of Indian origin at Harvard.’
    • ‘The Indians, Burmese and Siamese all worshiped the snake as a demon who also had good aspects.’
    • ‘And there is strong circumstantial evidence that the Indians passed on their discoveries to mathematically knowledgeable Jesuit missionaries who visited India during the fifteenth century.’
    • ‘Pioneer Indian or Egyptian nationalists, Pan-Africanists, and Pan-Arabists raged against the European empires which ruled their lives.’
    • ‘I looked about me, aware that there were very few Westerners on the flight in comparison to Indians and other nationalities.’
    • ‘An irate listener called in to say that we were Indians because we were a special people descended from Lord Shiva.’
    • ‘It is not being extended to all Indians who are foreign nationals living in all parts of the world.’
    • ‘By language we are Tamils, by race Dravidians and by nationality Indians.’
    • ‘It was crude demagogy, browbeating nationalists and Indians through Kashmiriyat.’
    • ‘Gandhi encouraged Indians to boycott British goods and buy Indian goods instead.’
    • ‘It is virtually a global issue and more prevalent in the South East Asian nations and wherever Indians live.’
  • 2An American Indian.

    • ‘The rest of its people are Indians, mainly Quechua and Aymara who are subsistence farmers in the mountains.’
    • ‘There are similar accounts in Hindi myth, in the Norse sagas, and even among the Hopi Indians of Latin America.’
    • ‘This battle involved the U.S.A. army against the Sioux and Cheyenne Indians.’
    • ‘Before the Spaniards arrived, Arawak Indians farmed and hunted Cuba's fertile lands.’
    • ‘The Carib Indians who defeated the Arawaks also considered Qualibou a special place.’
    • ‘The war began when some Seminole Indians refused to leave Florida, defying the Removal Act.’
    • ‘When I learned that my great-grandmother was an Onondaga Indian, I studied everything I could about the Iroquois.’
    • ‘To the Quechua Indians, respect must be given to Pachamama, the Incan earth mother.’
    • ‘Pima Indians living in Arizona have one of the highest rates of diabetes in the world.’
    • ‘So what did this young scientist find from his observations of the Navajo Indians?’
    • ‘How many Americans know that Seminole Indians and runaway black slaves formed an alliance in Florida?’
    • ‘The cliff palace dwellings built by the Anasazi Indians are awe-inspiring.’
    • ‘Helianthus was first grown by the Aztec Indians who worshipped it, ate it, and decorated their wigwams with it.’
    • ‘Among Dominicans of African and European decent, Carib Indians maintain their own culture.’
    • ‘Yet again Hollywood exploits another massacre, that of the Sioux Indians at Wounded Knee.’
    • ‘The practice of smoking tobacco came from the native American Indians and the Carib Indians of Tobago.’
    • ‘The Arawak Indians are the people first known to inhabit French Guiana.’
    • ‘They were cut to pieces by Sioux and Cheyenne Indians in a battle that has assumed legendary proportions.’
    • ‘They'd apply it to a Quechua Indian who doesn't speak Spanish.’
    • ‘The fans in England don't realize he's a Cree Indian from North America.’
  • 3British informal An Indian meal or restaurant.

    • ‘After the usual speedy sound check Phil and I went for an Indian and a few drinks in the pub over the road.’
    • ‘Several pubs, two chippies - well, this is the North-East, after all - and three or four restaurants including a rather posh Indian and a darn good Italian.’
    • ‘Shawlands now has an eclectic mix of places to eat, including a new Italian, two new Indians and a Kurdish restaurant.’
    • ‘Last Saturday night we went for an Indian, recommended by another Indian, Amit.’

Usage

The native peoples of America came to be described as Indian as a result of Christopher Columbus and other voyagers in the 15th–16th centuries believing that, when they reached the east coast of America, they had reached part of India by a new route. The terms Indian and Red Indian are today regarded as old-fashioned and inappropriate, recalling, as they do, the stereotypical portraits of the Wild West. American Indian, however, is well established, although the preference where possible is to make reference to specific peoples, such as Apache, Delaware, and so on. See also American Indian and Native American

Pronunciation

Indian

/ˈɪndɪən/