Definition of Indian in English:

Indian

adjective

  • 1Relating to India or to the subcontinent comprising India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh.

    • ‘And it has endured; it is already specifically Indian and forms the basis of modern Indian culture.’
    • ‘Pakistan described the Indian proposal as old and unworkable.’
    • ‘In this context, it is critical to review the bitter experience of the masses in the Indian sub-continent, particularly in India and Sri Lanka.’
    • ‘There is never a dull moment in the great Indian sub-continent, is there?’
    • ‘Persia, now Iran, was once a vast empire stretching from Egypt and the Danube to the Indian sub-continent.’
    • ‘That vast country has over a million troops on the ready after rebels thought to be from Pakistan attacked an Indian army camp in Kashmir.’
    • ‘After the success of its gridiron coverage, Channel 4 turned its attentions to the subcontinent and the ancient Indian discipline kabaddi.’
    • ‘Bangladesh and Indian border troops exchanged fire Thursday for the second straight day as tension rose on the entire border of the two countries.’
    • ‘The exposition is the first one to take Indian designers to Pakistan.’
    • ‘Despite fears of a war, many observers believe, however, that a concerted Indian attack on Pakistan is unlikely.’
    • ‘Newspapers published by Indian communities flourish everywhere, and they invariably carry a section with matrimonial ads.’
    • ‘A spokesman for Pakistan further enraged Indian opinion by answering that India may have staged the attack upon itself.’
    • ‘Such a struggle will find a powerful response from the urban and rural masses in Sri Lanka, in the Indian sub-continent as a whole and internationally.’
    • ‘It is no coincidence that these countries are among the poorest on the planet and include Sudan, Ethiopia, Senegal, Afghanistan and parts of the Indian sub-continent.’
    • ‘It does not, however, seem to have come out of the Indian sub-continent, where so many Greek, Latin, European and Slavonic words are sourced.’
    • ‘And Muslim Pakistan still occupies Indian territory in Kashmir that it seized by force in 1948.’
    • ‘This pressure led the police to deport even Indian nationals to Bangladesh.’
    • ‘The families of many of the Asian youth who were involved in the disturbances had originally come to the UK from the Indian sub-continent to work in the mills.’
    • ‘The city's large Asian population makes it is easier to integrate refugees from the Indian sub-continent including Pakistan and Bangladesh.’
    • ‘Is the idea that this may become a breakthrough for Indian film in America, dragging India's Bollywood film culture into modern day?’
  • 2Relating to or denoting indigenous peoples of North, Central, and South America, especially those of North America.

    • ‘Much of the land along rivers above Klamath Lake was former Indian allotment land.’
    • ‘Both the Sumu and Miskito languages are derived from the Chibchan Indian language family of South America.’
    • ‘The top link of the food chain in this region belongs to the polar bears and the Inuit Indian people who are indigenous to this world of ice and cold.’
    • ‘This Indian Territory was where eastern Indian tribes such as the Kickapoos, Delawares, and Shawnees lived.’
    • ‘He has witnessed weddings featuring lone pipers, ladies' choirs and even a Sioux Indian ceremony for an American couple wishing to reflect their roots.’
    • ‘Much of the frontier became ‘civilized’ at the cost of shrinking Seminole lands and desecrating Indian burial mounds.’
    • ‘Derick operated his first projector at the age of 10, and apart from 20 years as a bingo hall manager on the edge of Indian reservations in America, has been a slave to the silver screen.’
    • ‘For the Oneida Nation, Indian gaming is about self-sufficiency and concern for the seventh generation.’
    • ‘Ironically, as hard and grueling as this brutal old Indian game is, lacrosse retained a reputation as sort of polo without the ponies.’
    • ‘The Cherokee War consisted of three campaigns from South Carolina against the Cherokee Indian nations.’
    • ‘The extent of nationalist mobilization also differs amongst the various Indian tribes in America.’
    • ‘The British never solved the problems that had caused the war, nor did they develop a consistent Indian policy for North America.’
    • ‘Batista has visited six tribes, sleeping in their housing eating meals with them and relaying to them the teachings of his Carib Indian grandmother.’
    • ‘Richard Gott writes on the deepening rebellion sweeping through Latin America and the key role played by indigenous Indian peoples’
    • ‘At their peak around 1492, the Indian population of North America had long been transforming the forest for agriculture and hunting.’
    • ‘As with most Indian tribes in North America the lives of the Apache were destroyed as their life-blood, the buffalo were slaughtered by the whites.’
    • ‘Through Black Elk Speaks, the Great Vision helped stimulate a revival of Indian spirituality throughout North America.’
    • ‘Born at Shongopovi, Second Mesa, on the Hopi Indian reservation, Tewanima chased jackrabbits as a boy.’
    • ‘There are two sources of native borrowing: the Canadian Indian languages such as Cree, Dene, and Ojibwa, and Inuktitut, the language of the Inuit or Eskimo.’
    • ‘Many were genre scenes showing everyday Indian life featuring teepees and mounted warriors in traditional costume.’

noun

  • 1A native or inhabitant of India, or a person of Indian descent.

    • ‘And there is strong circumstantial evidence that the Indians passed on their discoveries to mathematically knowledgeable Jesuit missionaries who visited India during the fifteenth century.’
    • ‘There is also the massive and growing presence of Indians and persons of Indian origin at Harvard.’
    • ‘An irate listener called in to say that we were Indians because we were a special people descended from Lord Shiva.’
    • ‘By language we are Tamils, by race Dravidians and by nationality Indians.’
    • ‘Pioneer Indian or Egyptian nationalists, Pan-Africanists, and Pan-Arabists raged against the European empires which ruled their lives.’
    • ‘The second main group were foreign nationals; Indians, Singapore Chinese, Africans and others.’
    • ‘After all I thought that just as India was for Indians so were Indians for India!’
    • ‘It is, for Indians, their most significant national monument; one they will travel great distances to see.’
    • ‘However, there might be differences in this phenotype between immigrant and native Asian Indians.’
    • ‘It is virtually a global issue and more prevalent in the South East Asian nations and wherever Indians live.’
    • ‘It is not being extended to all Indians who are foreign nationals living in all parts of the world.’
    • ‘The Indians, Burmese and Siamese all worshiped the snake as a demon who also had good aspects.’
    • ‘Gandhi encouraged Indians to boycott British goods and buy Indian goods instead.’
    • ‘It was crude demagogy, browbeating nationalists and Indians through Kashmiriyat.’
    • ‘I looked about me, aware that there were very few Westerners on the flight in comparison to Indians and other nationalities.’
    • ‘Native Indians and nationalism, the subjects of these two books, are both topics highly relevant to globalisation.’
  • 2A member of any of the indigenous peoples of North, Central, and South America, especially those of North America.

    • ‘The Carib Indians who defeated the Arawaks also considered Qualibou a special place.’
    • ‘Before the Spaniards arrived, Arawak Indians farmed and hunted Cuba's fertile lands.’
    • ‘Yet again Hollywood exploits another massacre, that of the Sioux Indians at Wounded Knee.’
    • ‘There are similar accounts in Hindi myth, in the Norse sagas, and even among the Hopi Indians of Latin America.’
    • ‘They were cut to pieces by Sioux and Cheyenne Indians in a battle that has assumed legendary proportions.’
    • ‘So what did this young scientist find from his observations of the Navajo Indians?’
    • ‘Among Dominicans of African and European decent, Carib Indians maintain their own culture.’
    • ‘The war began when some Seminole Indians refused to leave Florida, defying the Removal Act.’
    • ‘When I learned that my great-grandmother was an Onondaga Indian, I studied everything I could about the Iroquois.’
    • ‘The cliff palace dwellings built by the Anasazi Indians are awe-inspiring.’
    • ‘The rest of its people are Indians, mainly Quechua and Aymara who are subsistence farmers in the mountains.’
    • ‘Helianthus was first grown by the Aztec Indians who worshipped it, ate it, and decorated their wigwams with it.’
    • ‘How many Americans know that Seminole Indians and runaway black slaves formed an alliance in Florida?’
    • ‘The fans in England don't realize he's a Cree Indian from North America.’
    • ‘The practice of smoking tobacco came from the native American Indians and the Carib Indians of Tobago.’
    • ‘To the Quechua Indians, respect must be given to Pachamama, the Incan earth mother.’
    • ‘The Arawak Indians are the people first known to inhabit French Guiana.’
    • ‘They'd apply it to a Quechua Indian who doesn't speak Spanish.’
    • ‘Pima Indians living in Arizona have one of the highest rates of diabetes in the world.’
    • ‘This battle involved the U.S.A. army against the Sioux and Cheyenne Indians.’
  • 3British informal An Indian meal or restaurant.

    • ‘After the usual speedy sound check Phil and I went for an Indian and a few drinks in the pub over the road.’
    • ‘Several pubs, two chippies - well, this is the North-East, after all - and three or four restaurants including a rather posh Indian and a darn good Italian.’
    • ‘Last Saturday night we went for an Indian, recommended by another Indian, Amit.’
    • ‘Shawlands now has an eclectic mix of places to eat, including a new Italian, two new Indians and a Kurdish restaurant.’

Usage

The native peoples of America came to be described as Indian as a result of Christopher Columbus and other voyagers in the 15th–16th centuries believing that, when they reached the east coast of America, they had reached part of India by a new route. The terms Indian and Red Indian are today regarded as old-fashioned and inappropriate, recalling, as they do, the stereotypical portraits of the Wild West. American Indian, however, is well established, although the preference where possible is to make reference to specific peoples, such as Apache, Delaware, and so on. See also American Indian and Native American

Pronunciation

Indian

/ˈɪndɪən/