Definition of Hmong in English:

Hmong

noun

  • 1A member of a people living in isolated mountain villages throughout SE Asia.

    Also called Miao
    • ‘In Laos, the CIA airline, Air America, was running opium for Vang Pao and the Hmong during the Vietnam war.’
    • ‘She also cited Laotians and Hmong that support trade relations.’
    • ‘The cultural practices of the Hmong have also proved extremely troubling.’
    • ‘Five thousand years ago, the Hmong were driven from their homeland in northern China, setting off a southward migration across Asia’
    • ‘The subsequent rivalry between these two men and their followers led to the permanent political separation of the Hmong in Laos.’
    • ‘Still, the immigrant farmer project, and working with the Hmong in particular, is proving to be one of Glover's biggest challenges.’
    • ‘It is found in many Japanese, in the Tibetans of the Himalayas and among isolated people of Southeast Asia, like the Hmong.’
    • ‘The exact number of Hmong students is not available for the UW System, but the majority of the Southeast Asian students are Hmong.’
    • ‘Often indigenous peoples are blamed for forest destruction as in the case of the Hmong and Karen in Thailand.’
    • ‘The story makes it clear that the Hmong frequently practice polygamy.’
    • ‘Minority groups in this small, mountainous country include the Mon-Khmer, the Yao, and the Hmong.’
    • ‘Geddes contributed the study on the Hmong, Miles worked amongst the Yao, and I amongst the Karen, after two years as full-time adviser.’
    • ‘Since 1990 the Hmong in Minnesota have increased by 150 percent.’
    • ‘Seven of the participants, six of whom were 25 or older, felt that most of their friends were Hmong.’
    • ‘This is also how the Hmong, among the area's poorest ethnic minorities, struggle to support themselves and their families.’
    • ‘Fadiman sees this as an expression of conflict with what the Hmong perceive to be a hostile American culture.’
    • ‘Similar attitudes can be found among Sinicized highlanders, such as the Hmong.’
    • ‘Geddes' credentials for the job derived from his research amongst the Hmong during 1958-59.’
    • ‘Finally, with heavy support from CIA and Air Force resources, the Hmong reached the base on Phou Phathi.’
    • ‘Products of a village culture and ill-equipped for life in urban-industrial America, the Hmong found their exile particularly difficult.’
  • 2[mass noun] The language of the Hmong, occurring in a large number of highly distinct dialects.

    • ‘Participants from the younger generations noted that they have difficulty speaking Hmong without using English.’
    • ‘The languages they have brought are not French and German, but Spanish, Mandarin, Hmong, and Vietnamese.’
    • ‘The researcher conducted research via the Internet about Hmong classes offered in Merced as well.’
    • ‘It turns out that this is a spelling of what is more usually written as Hmong.’
    • ‘The other participants with offspring spoke both Hmong and English to their children; their children, if old enough to speak, did the same.’
    • ‘The L1 writing prompts were translated by bilingual teaching professionals whose native languages were Spanish, Hmong, and Russian.’
    • ‘The late immigrant group included five Spanish, two Hmong, and six Russian speakers.’
    • ‘By the way, a search for ‘plawg’ Lincoln produces pages in a language which I deduce to be Hmong.’
    • ‘Districts have also considered implementing programs in Hmong and Vietnamese.’

adjective

  • Relating to or denoting the Hmong or their language.

    • ‘A closer look at the schooling of Hmong students, for example, shows that nationally only 31 percent of them graduate from high school.’
    • ‘Participants felt that a generational shift in Hmong language and culture might be occurring for various reasons.’
    • ‘Then there are the Hmong people, who haven't seen foreigners for 29 years.’
    • ‘What support is available for Hmong language and cultural maintenance in Merced?’
    • ‘One of the factors complicating the adjustment of the Hmong people has been English language acquisition.’
    • ‘But with my Hmong students, I have to bring in wheat.’
    • ‘There are strict rules to this two-week love match, an annual gathering of the Hmong people.’
    • ‘There were lots of Hmong and Dzhou minority people that live in villages around Sapa.’
    • ‘Compass has learned that six Hmong Christians were among those prisoners freed in connection with the April 30 amnesty.’
    • ‘Exactly two American flags present in the entire parade: Gnat had one, and a little tiny Hmong kid had one taped to his baby carriage.’
    • ‘The hospital was in a part of town with a large population of Hmong immigrants.’
    • ‘Church welfare agencies, working with national charities and local government, settled Hmong refugees from Vietnam in Wausau.’
    • ‘Kazoua Kong-Thao, one of two Hmong candidates on Tuesday's ballot, also won a seat on the school board.’
    • ‘Some of the figures are even clinging to cut pieces of bamboo, seemingly recreating the tragic legend of the lost Hmong language.’
    • ‘A dozen Hmong girls step daintily down to meet their suitors.’
    • ‘A Lao adopted by Hmong family, he recently fled the country, risking death, he says, all to get a videotape out to the world.’
    • ‘Three cheerful, vibrant Hmong girls, led by their ‘mentor’ Supaporn, joined the discussions at Nong Hoi.’
    • ‘This morning, Hmong leaders gathered to offer prayers for the victims, support for their survivors in west central Wisconsin.’
    • ‘Participants also had varying feelings about the Hmong language shifting.’
    • ‘Among Hmong funeral customs, a ‘chicken’ is often sacrificed because it can fly and will alert heaven of the decedent's imminent arrival.’

Usage

The term Hmong is now usually preferred, as being the name the people use with reference to themselves, though the Chinese name Miao (or, in SE Asia, Meo) was until recently more common in English contexts

Pronunciation:

Hmong

/hmɒŋ/