Definition of Hindustani in English:



  • 1[mass noun] A group of mutually intelligible languages and dialects spoken in NW India, principally Hindi and Urdu.

    • ‘French, Spanish, and English patios are also common, as well as Hindustani, a dialect of Phojpuri Hindi.’
    • ‘They speak, Urdu or Hindustani regardless of the local languages of an Indian State in which they happen to live and thrive.’
    • ‘When he began speaking in Hindustani, the Chairman reminded him that many members did not know the language.’
    • ‘To a mammoth crowd he spoke in Hindustani about the Government's determination to abolish both untouchability and landlordism.’
    • ‘I was stationed near Chittagong during the war, and speak a little Hindustani.’
    • ‘She laughs and says, ‘I've told you so many times not to talk to me in Hindustani.’’
    • ‘It is a pleasant amalgam of Persian, Arabic, Marathi, and Hindustani with Konkani as its base.’
    • ‘Even though Dr. Joshi knows chaste Hindi, he spoke in Hindustani peppered heavily with Urdu words.’
    • ‘Therefore, no credit at all except for some vocabulary is given to Turkish languages in the history of development of Urdu, Hindi or Hindustani.’
    • ‘English is the official language in Fiji, though Fijian and Hindustani are also spoken.’
    • ‘The Muslims kept the words, and Hindustani came to be called Urdu.’
    • ‘This is partly because of the spoken Hindustani being Sanskritised.’
    • ‘Urdu and Hindi are the same language, khari boli or Hindustani, written in two alphabets.’
    • ‘The overwhelming majority of Indo-Fijians speak Fiji Hindustani, or Fiji Hindi.’
    • ‘East Lynne was repeatedly dramatized and filmed, and translated into many languages, from Welsh to Hindustani.’
    • ‘In an early scene, Hari is snobbish with Ronald when he is addressed in Hindustani (he can speak only English).’
    • ‘When I was growing up, the only language I ever heard was either Urdu or Hindustani.’
    1. 1.1The Delhi dialect of Hindi, widely used throughout India as a lingua franca.


  • Relating to the culture of NW India.

    ‘Hindustani classical music’
    • ‘They can learn Carnatic or Hindustani vocal as well.’
    • ‘When the emphasis is on patrons and court culture, a limited reading of Hindustani music is inevitable.’
    • ‘‘You are so responsive an audience…’ exclaimed M.S. Gopalakrishnan, who regaled the crowd with his Hindustani violin.’
    • ‘I play Dhrupad, a kind of classical Hindustani music, on this rudraveena.’
    • ‘The fusion of Indian melody of the Hindustani variety (as opposed to the Carnatic) and steady-paced jazz-rock beats is uplifitng.’
    • ‘In North America, between 250 to 300 well-organized concerts of Carnatic and Hindustani music are presented each year by over 100 local organizers.’
    • ‘Moaning is a key part of the Hindustani zeitgeist.’
    • ‘The book's closing story, for example, is about Mohanji, a gentle and gifted singer trained in classical Hindustani music.’
    • ‘The Gandharv channel promotes Hindustani music, reflecting the current musical scenario and upcoming artists, besides the veterans.’
    • ‘A great admirer of Lata Mangeshkar, Shalini is passionate about Carnatic and Hindustani music besides Western classical.’
    • ‘The Hindustani POWs in Turkey were coaxed to join this army.’
    • ‘It is open to all practitioners of music including Carnatic, Hindustani, Western, Light-Classical and Devotional.’
    • ‘The ‘ragas’ and ‘raginis’ of Hindustani music were treated as lovers and beloveds of the medieval times.’
    • ‘And of course, be prepared to make that transition from pop, rock, and blues (blaring out of your car stereo) to the Hindustani stuff.’
    • ‘And on the 25th year of its existence, the Academy also plans to honour some living legends of Hindustani music.’
    • ‘How is Carnatic music different from Hindustani?’
    • ‘Ananya is an organisation that has been involved in promoting Hindustani and Carnatic music through its various activities.’


Hindustani was the usual term in the 18th and 19th centuries for the native language of NW India. The usual modern term is Hindi (or Urdu in Muslim contexts), although Hindustani is still used to refer to the dialect of Hindi spoken around Delhi