Definition of Hashemite in English:



  • A member of an Arab princely family claiming descent from Hashim, great-grandfather of Muhammad.

    • ‘Its initial contacts were with the Hashemites, a desert dynasty in Hejaz, now part of Saudi Arabia, which controlled the Muslim holy places of Mecca and Medina and sought to replace Ottoman rule with their own.’
    • ‘In 1921, the British made Faysal ibn Hussein al-Hashim, the third son of Lawrence of Arabia's friend, Sharif Hussein of Mecca, the new king of Iraq, beginning a 37-year rule of the Hashemites over the new nation.’
    • ‘The Hussein family are Hashemites, the tribe of Mohammed, the founder of Islam, and have been traditionally the keepers of Holy City of Mecca.’
    • ‘Because the Hashemites share the faith of Iraq's elite Sunni minority, restoration would reassure the Sunnis that the inevitable change in the balance of power will not lead to their marginalization.’
    • ‘It looks as though the Hashemites represent a moderate alternative power in Sunni Islam with descent from the Prophet that is also recognized by Shiite Muslims.’


  • Relating to the Hashemites.

    • ‘Without a hostile Iraq towering over it, Jordan's pro-Western Hashemite monarchy would likely come into full bloom.’
    • ‘Palestinians make up between half and two-thirds of Jordan's population, yet the Hashemite royal family's power base is rooted in the Bedouins, who dominate the security apparatuses and bureaucracy.’
    • ‘Under the Hashemite monarchy, which ruled from 1921 until 1958, Iraq adopted a parliamentary system modeled on that of its colonial master, the United Kingdom.’
    • ‘Indeed, paramount among all considerations, I argue, is the political economy of Hashemite regime security in understanding Jordan's changing foreign relations under King Abdullah.’