Definition of Hallstatt in English:

Hallstatt

noun

Archaeology
  • [usually as modifier] A cultural phase of the late Bronze Age and early Iron Age in Europe (c.1200–600 bc in temperate continental areas), preceding the La Tène period. It is generally equated with the Urnfield complex and is associated with the early Celts.

    • ‘However, the peak of feasting - and in particular, of the ‘political’ type of feast - came in the late Hallstatt period, soon after the foundation of the Greek colony of Massalia at the mouth of the Rhine.’
    • ‘In Bettina Arnold's article on feasting among the Celts (‘Power drinking in Iron Age Europe’, February), she seeks parallels for the well-documented consumption of wealth in the Hallstatt period in later Irish sources.’
    • ‘Illyrian tribes championed iron over bronze in the Hallstatt period.’
    • ‘And, third, Hallstatt society appears to have been highly differentiated, with wealthy chieftains buried in richly furnished graves that included amongst their grave goods material imported from the Mediterranean world.’
    • ‘The origins of their culture can be traced back to the Bronze Age of the upper Danube in the 13th century BC, with successive stages represented by the urnfield and Hallstatt cultures.’

Origin

Mid 19th century: the name of a village in Austria, site of a burial ground of this period.

Pronunciation:

Hallstatt

/ˈhalʃtat/