Definition of Gurmukhi in English:



  • 1[mass noun] The script used by Sikhs for writing Punjabi.

    • ‘Curiously, Gurmukhi is the original script of the Punjabi language which is spoken by nearly 7 crore people of Western Punjab, the most dominant province of Pakistan.’
    • ‘The letter E in the Sikh script, Gurmukhi, is pronounced Ong and signifies the first intimations of the Divinity to the human mind.’
    • ‘‘In parts of East Punjab, the script used by traders, which later came to be known as Gurmukhi, held sway,’ Dr Bhutta explained.’
    1. 1.1The Punjabi language as written in the Gurmukhi script.
      • ‘A Granthi must be fluent in reading Gurmukhi, and be properly trained in all aspects of looking after the Guru Granth Sahib.’
      • ‘For the first time, Sikh community calligraphers joined Japanese calligraphers in writing messages of Peace and Friendship in Gurmukhi on beautiful Japanese lanterns.’
      • ‘English is my main language of preference although I can speak Punjabi and read Gurmukhi.’
      • ‘A thirst for knowledge may well be created, and some individuals may go on to study Punjabi and Gurmukhi.’
      • ‘The languages on offer include Malyalam, Gujarati, Hindi, Gurmukhi, Tamil and Bengali.’


Punjabi, from Sanskrit guru (see guru) + mukha mouth.