Definition of Efik in English:



  • 1A member of a people of southern Nigeria.

    • ‘At Abiriba the tradition is that their Ekpe was purchased from the Efik of Calabar with whom Abiriba traders were in close commercial contact.’
    • ‘As traders conversant in multiple languages and cultures, the Efik were particularly receptive to other belief systems, molding them to their own values.’
    • ‘Masks resembling this example were employed by Ikem, a song and dance group founded among the Efut and Efik of Calabar.’
    • ‘Nigeria also provided slaves for Barbados, the Yoruba, Efik, Igbo and Ibibio being the main ethnic groups targeted.’
    • ‘Ijo, Igbo, and Efik have long lived along the coast between Douala and the eastern border of their native Nigeria.’
  • 2[mass noun] The Benue-Congo language of the Efik, closely related to Ibibio. It is used as a lingua franca and has about 3.5 million speakers.

    • ‘But this means that we should expect that dozens of other Black English words had been traced to, say, Bambara, Mende, Twi, Yoruba, Efik, Umbundu, and so on.’
    • ‘What we needed, then, were real examples of spontaneously written text in a tone language that, like Efik, has no written literary tradition of its own.’
    • ‘Like Efik, Kom is also a Niger-Congo language, but it is part of the Western Grassfields group in Cameroon.’
    • ‘Essien found that selected marking of tone on nouns and verb roots helped readers of Efik perceive and vocalize written sentences, but he also found that it caused readers to make mistakes in reading those sentences out loud.’
    • ‘The concept of logophoricity was introduced in the analysis of African languages like Aghem, Efik, and Tuburi, where there is a separate paradigm of logophoric pronouns which is employed for such a purpose.’


  • Relating to the Efik or their language.

    • ‘This ceremony is celebrated with traditional Efik dances and other forms of entertainment.’
    • ‘And finally the formal conventions present in Duala, Ijo, Ibibio, and Efik art probably dispersed in the same manner as they do today.’
    • ‘The fattening room is a common Efik culture. But modern Efik society is now launching an attack against the practice.’
    • ‘The Dictionary further suggests that the word might derive from the Efik word mba-kara, denoting ‘master.’’
    • ‘In their seven-year odyssey criss-crossing the Atlantic the Robin Johns repeatedly drew upon their connections established as Efik slave traders, but also sought out new allies to assist them in their quest for freedom.’


The name in Efik.