Definition of Ebola in English:


Pronunciation: /əˈbəʊlə//iːˈbəʊlə/


  • [mass noun] An infectious and frequently fatal disease marked by fever and severe internal bleeding, spread through contact with infected body fluids by a filovirus (Ebola virus), whose normal host species is unknown:

    ‘he developed symptoms similar to those of Ebola and sought medication at the hospital’
    ‘an outbreak of Ebola fever in the country may have killed up to 36 people’
    • ‘Then came Herpes simplex, Hepatitis B and C, HIV, Ebola, West Nile virus, and others.’
    • ‘In May 2004 I was part of an international team that responded to an outbreak of Ebola haemorrhagic fever in South Sudan.’
    • ‘I am writing about an illness which is more infectious than Ebola and which lurks in almost every office.’
    • ‘The Marbug virus causes a deadly hemorrhagic fever which is similar to Ebola.’
    • ‘And the most devastating infection in the world is not Ebola or Lyme disease, West Nile virus or even HIV, but tuberculosis.’
    • ‘The mechanism of transmission of Ebola isn't completely understood.’
    • ‘The cases have occurred in the same area that had 32 confirmed cases and 20 deaths from Ebola haemorrhagic fever earlier this year.’
    • ‘Lassa fever presents with symptoms and signs indistinguishable from those of febrile illnesses such as malaria and other viral haemorrhagic fevers such as Ebola.’
    • ‘For most of us the scariest disease isn't pneumonia, it isn't the terrifying Ebola, or even AIDS.’
    • ‘Hantavirus, Ebola and Hendra are just a few other new diseases to recently emerge in humans.’
    • ‘From the rainforests they unleashed biological controls like machupo, Ebola and Dengue haemorrhagic fever.’
    • ‘Are we really ready for another epidemic like Ebola?’
    • ‘First, Ebola not only infects apes, it kills people too.’
    • ‘We conquered measles, mumps and polio, and up cropped AIDS, Ebola and SARS.’
    • ‘A severe haemorrhagic fever akin to Ebola, the Marburg virus spreads on contact with body fluids such as blood, urine, excrement, vomit and saliva.’
    • ‘Both Marburg and Ebola are hemorrhagic fevers, which means they cause bleeding from multiple organs within the body.’
    • ‘The recent outbreak of Ebola haemorrhagic fever in the Gulu district of Uganda is continuing to claim lives.’


1976: named after a river in the Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaire), near which the disease was first observed.