Main definitions of dutch in English

: dutch1Dutch2

dutch1

noun

usually one's old dutch
British
informal
  • (especially among cockneys) one's wife.

    • ‘Particularly when I tell them me and the old dutch live in the old folks' flats, yes the upstairs one, and their nice young men will have to carry the dead fridge (six feet high, etc.) down the stairs first.’
    spouse, husband, wife, consort, helpmate, helpmeet
    View synonyms

Origin

Late 19th century: abbreviation of duchess.

Pronunciation

dutch

/dʌtʃ/

Main definitions of dutch in English

: dutch1Dutch2

Dutch2

adjective

  • Relating to the Netherlands or its people or their language.

    • ‘He has visited similar cafes in The Netherlands and wants to style his after the Dutch model.’
    • ‘One was signed by a Dutch football fan from Rotterdam.’
    • ‘The party was expected to make big gains in next week's Dutch elections.’
    • ‘Ethnic minorities who already lived in the country should learn the language and adapt to Dutch society.’
    • ‘But other voyaging Dutch painters did, and from them he learnt to paint soaring pines and tree-cracking torrents.’
    • ‘The Dutch language texts were primarily told by men and the type can be considered as masculine, which is of course also underlined by its content.’
    • ‘He became a master of Rangaku, the study of Western science by means of the Dutch language.’
    • ‘Denmark's refusal to grant a visa was echoed by Dutch government when the Netherlands was proposed as an alternate site.’
    • ‘It was a good political move to insist that the courses were taught there in the Dutch language.’
    • ‘They gained the most power in the northern area, where early forms of the Dutch language took hold.’
    • ‘The Glasgow club is unlikely to win the final pool match against the impressively strong Dutch hosts and reigning European champions today.’
    • ‘Patients who queued around the block in Third World scenes to register with a Dutch dentist are no nearer getting treatment after her past was exposed.’
    • ‘His parents sent him to a Dutch language class even though he speaks French at home.’
    • ‘A similar census in the Netherlands was far more efficient, and many Dutch Jews were killed.’
    • ‘Management at the pub, while expressing sympathy for the family of the dead man, directed all questions to the Dutch police.’
    • ‘The dialect is the Amish native tongue and should not be confused with the Dutch language of the Netherlands.’
    • ‘The deal was put together in the Netherlands by Dutch lawyers under Dutch law.’
    • ‘Since then it's had various incarnations, culminating in a total restoration and enlargement by a Dutch couple in 1999.’
    • ‘The proposals themselves can be submitted only by Dutch companies, registered in the Netherlands.’
    • ‘He was one of the few Indonesians to attend a Dutch university in the Netherlands Indies.’

noun

  • 1mass noun The language of the Netherlands, spoken by some 20 million people.

    • ‘However, there are also traces of Celtic, Old French, Middle and High German, Dutch and even Romany.’
    • ‘The voices you hear speak Dutch, German, Spanish, Italian, French and English.’
    • ‘Yiddishisms occur in such languages as Dutch, English, French, German, Hebrew, and Spanish.’
    • ‘Exports are going well, with games available in German, Spanish, Dutch, Arabic and Punjabi as well as English and French.’
    • ‘Depending on the region, classes may be taught in either French, Dutch, or German.’
    • ‘Many of the French settlers also knew Dutch, and both languages appear in early official documents.’
    • ‘French is essentially an attempt by the Dutch to speak a Romance language.’
    • ‘And it's not limited to English - French, Dutch, Japanese, Welsh and others are covered too.’
    • ‘The Flemish, those residing in Flanders, the northern half of the country, speak Dutch.’
    • ‘He speaks six languages: Spanish, Italian, Dutch, English, French and Portuguese.’
    • ‘The site provides versions of itself in Spanish, French, Italian and Dutch as well as English.’
    • ‘Soon, this section alone was widely circulated in Spanish, Latin, German, Dutch, French and English.’
    • ‘The backlash persuaded his father to take a job in Holland, where Malcolm spent the first five years of his life learning Dutch as his first language.’
    • ‘The old and small generation of well-educated Indonesians who spoke Dutch is passing away.’
    • ‘If you're worried about not speaking a word of Dutch, relax.’
    • ‘He also was the translator for many of the books he published, using his knowledge of French, Latin and Dutch.’
    • ‘However, it also became very popular abroad and was translated into French, Dutch, and German.’
    • ‘The official language is Dutch, which is spoken little in daily life.’
    • ‘The language spoken in Flanders is Dutch, which is commonly called Flemish.’
    • ‘The native language of Antwerp is Dutch, but most people also speak French, German and English.’
    girlfriend, girl, sweetheart, partner, significant other, inamorata, fiancée
    View synonyms
  • 2as plural noun the DutchThe people of the Netherlands collectively.

    • ‘The ceramics trade was very profitable for Asian and European traders, especially the Dutch.’
    • ‘European expansion started with the Portuguese, followed by the Spanish and the Dutch.’
    • ‘This is a perfect example of the differences in colonial rule between the British and the Dutch.’
    • ‘The result is a toleration of evil in Britain, which is now being shamed and exposed by comparison with the Dutch and Danes.’
    • ‘The great slaving powers were the English, the French, the Portuguese and the Dutch.’
    • ‘The Dutch gave Canada 1 million tulips in gratitude for the friendship displayed in the war.’
    • ‘Spain and Greece have been popular summer holiday destinations for the Dutch for many years.’
    • ‘As British troops were withdrawn from the Netherlands, the Dutch and Austrians found themselves exposed to defeat.’
    • ‘Both the Dutch and Indonesians also sold things on the black market, like cigarettes, alcohol and clothes.’
    • ‘The first decades of the seventeenth century witnessed the collapse of much of the Portuguese empire in the East, to be replaced by the Dutch.’
    • ‘He was an Englishman committed to his nation's titanic economic struggle against the Dutch.’
    • ‘The only people who actually meet that target are the Scandinavian countries and the Dutch.’
    • ‘During the 16th century the area was occupied by the Portuguese, the British, and the Dutch.’
    • ‘Well Australia of course was known at least much of the western part to European eyes through the Dutch.’
    • ‘An English trading post at Cormantine in west Africa was augmented by the seizure of Cape Coast Castle from the Dutch in 1664.’
    • ‘Many of their children were later involved in the national struggle for independence against the Dutch.’
    • ‘But already, they have caught up with the Dutch in their freefall into the moral abyss.’
    • ‘The French and Spanish already call their ships masculine and the Dutch and Germans consider them neuter.’
    • ‘The one point imposed by the Dutch on the Thais and greatly resented was the clause introducing extraterritoriality.’
    • ‘Whe then Spanish had conquered the Dutch for over 400 years they left their mark racially and culturally.’

Phrases

  • go Dutch

    • Share the cost of something, especially a meal, equally.

      • ‘And more to the point, I'm very strict about going Dutch, so that's even more money.’
      • ‘Logically the following may be a good idea: a female job-loser and a male manager dine together and then they go Dutch.’
      • ‘She makes up for it by insisting on going Dutch on less formal occasions and making us dinner at her place fairly often.’
      • ‘The net result, Germany, which was sailing with a 1-lead, had to accept the rival's credo: go Dutch!’
      • ‘I mean, if you ever date one, go Dutch, or you'll be spending the rest of your life working off the debt.’
      • ‘I'll pay for it, or we'll go Dutch, if that offends your sensitivities.’
      • ‘Will Tottenham go Dutch with their summer transfer targets?’
      • ‘I've resolved that this government should go Dutch.’
      • ‘Then again, he's probably terrified this will encourage other nice restaurants to adopt this practice, which means the end of going Dutch on dates.’
      • ‘In effect, it would amount to going Dutch in a month.’
      split, divide, go halves in, go halves with
      View synonyms
  • in Dutch

    • dated, informal In trouble.

      ‘he's been getting in Dutch at school’

Origin

From Middle Dutch dutsch ‘Dutch, Netherlandish, German’: the English word originally denoted speakers of both High and Low German, but became more specific after the United Provinces adopted the Low German of Holland as the national language on independence in 1579.

Pronunciation

Dutch

/dʌtʃ/