Which Joe gave his name to ‘sloppy joes’? We look at five interesting sandwiches and their lexical origins.
noun
MathematicsA polynomial equation with integral coefficients for which integral solutions are required.
- ‘In addition Poinsot worked on number theory and on this topic he studied Diophantine equations, how to express numbers as the difference of two squares and primitive roots.’
- ‘Instead of asking whether a given Diophantine equation has a solution, ask ‘for what equations do known methods yield the answer?’’
- ‘Wolfram displays a table of some of the simplest possible Diophantine equations, distinguishing between those known to have integer solutions, those known to have no integer solutions, and those for which the question is still open.’
- ‘That conjecture offers a new way of expressing Diophantine problems, in effect translating an infinite number of Diophantine equations (including the equation of Fermat's last theorem) into a single mathematical statement.’
- ‘Turán goes on to say that Carl Siegel and Klaus Roth generalised the classes of Diophantine equations for which these conclusions would hold and even bounded the number of solutions.’
Origin
Early 18th century: named after Diophantus.
Pronunciation:
Further reading
12 synonyms for fool
Read moreAre you looking for a word for a foolish person? We explore twelve interesting words to describe the dunderheads in your life.
6 ‘run’ phrases you probably don’t know
Read moreBefore you run for the hills, let’s run through a list of ‘run’ expressions that are running through our minds.