Main definitions of Cheyenne in English

: Cheyenne1Cheyenne2

Cheyenne1

proper noun

  • The state capital of Wyoming; population 56,915 (est. 2008).

Pronunciation

Cheyenne

/ʃʌɪˈɛn/

Main definitions of Cheyenne in English

: Cheyenne1Cheyenne2

Cheyenne2

noun

  • 1A member of an American Indian people formerly living between the Missouri and Arkansas Rivers but now on reservations in Montana and Oklahoma.

    • ‘Like their counterparts across the valley, these Northern Cheyennes fought on foot.’
    • ‘Trained as a scientist, not a moralist, Grinnell logged the words, actions, practices, history, and religious beliefs of Blackfeet, Pawnees, and Cheyennes as accurately and faithfully as possible.’
    • ‘The camp moved in the direction of the Sioux and Cheyennes, toward the Bighorn River and foothills of the Bighorn Mountains.’
    • ‘Beginning in 1856, Oglalas, Cheyennes, Arapahos, and a few people from other Lakota tribes waged an all-out war on the Crows.’
    • ‘And once a year, the otherwise scattered bands of the Cheyenne gathered to conduct a Sun Dance, their most important communal ritual.’
    • ‘For the Sioux and for the Cheyenne, the sacred land is Paha Sapa, known in American culture as the Black Hills, and their major contemporary struggle is to regain it.’
    • ‘The bullet that pierced Big Crow's abdomen destroyed the resolve of many warriors, especially among the Northern Cheyennes.’
    • ‘On 25 June 1876, Custer attacked a great village of Sioux and Cheyennes on Montana's Little Bighorn River.’
    • ‘In 1868-1869, military campaigns forced Cheyennes, Kiowas, and Comanches onto new reservations in the Indian Territory.’
    • ‘The following week Crook's camp once again began to move slowly northward along the Tongue River Valley toward the Yellowstone, well behind the fleeing Sioux and Cheyennes.’
    • ‘Between 1866 and 1891 these men participated in several notable campaigns against Kiowas, Comanches, Cheyennes, Apaches, and Lakotas.’
    • ‘On that day soldiers attacked a band of Southern Cheyennes, and twenty-seven Indians and two soldiers were killed.’
    • ‘His is neither a biography of Custer nor an examination of wrongs inflicted upon the Northern Cheyennes and the Lakotas.’
    • ‘Living on the High Plains had barely become comfortable for the Cheyennes and Arapahos when that life was interrupted by the great rush of Colorado gold seekers.’
    • ‘Between 1903 and the early 1920s, the Cheyennes were enjoying what they referred to as ‘good times.’’
    • ‘Half the warriors, mostly Northern Cheyennes, would cross the river and use the terrain to conceal their movement as they approached the soldiers from the south.’
    • ‘The Army sent its experts out to Colorado; so did the Arapahoes and Cheyennes, whose oral history of the Sand Creek massacre has come down through the generations.’
    • ‘Thick smoke across the Missouri River, Grinnell assumed, meant Lakotas and Cheyennes knew of the army's presence.’
    • ‘Like the Lakotas and Cheyennes, they were horse-and-buffalo Indians.’
    • ‘National Park Service archaeologists recently established the location where the Colorado Calvary slaughtered more than 125 Cheyennes and Arapahos in 1864.’
  • 2mass noun The Algonquian language of the Cheyenne, now almost extinct.

    • ‘The Indian language is also authentic Cheyenne throughout, and real Cheyenne were used as much as possible for the Indian roles.’
    • ‘The generations that succeed us will be unable to articulate those same feelings in Cheyenne, since English is now their first language.’
    • ‘I want to greet in our Cheyenne language those who've journeyed on before me because I know that Cheyenne is the only language they know, the only language they ever needed to know.’

adjective

  • Relating to the Cheyenne or their language.

    • ‘Because the clinic is operated on the reservation, it can only treat Native Americans or members of the Northern Cheyenne tribe.’
    • ‘Just because our children are born to Cheyenne parents on Cheyenne land and engage in Cheyenne traditional practices does not mean they are automatically predisposed to learning the Cheyenne language.’
    • ‘Black Kettle, the chief of one of the Cheyenne clans, had met with Chivington and other military leaders at Camp Weld in Denver in late September, and he believed that his village was at peace with the whites.’
    • ‘Thwarting a U.S. raid at the Battle of the Little Bighorn in 1876, Sioux and Cheyenne braves took no prisoners, killing Custer and 265 of his men.’
    • ‘At the park today you can imagine Cheyenne teepees dotting the grass 200 years ago or lookouts hidden in the hills, despite the suburbs that now cover them.’
    • ‘A respected art dealer is busted for selling a Cheyenne war bonnet.’
    • ‘From one of these, a cavalry unit was dispatched to the Cheyenne village the following day, but its inhabitants and their recently enlarged herd had not waited.’
    • ‘According to Cheyenne tradition, Owl-Man, leader of the fearsome Wolf Soldiers, even received instructions on war dances and strategy from dozens of wolves that rescued him during a snowstorm.’
    • ‘Over the years the Sappa Creek fight became known as the Massacre at Cheyenne Hole.’
    • ‘The approaching Cheyenne warriors were no less brilliantly attired.’
    • ‘Three orphaned Cheyenne boys were entrusted to the missionaries in 1863 and baptized shortly thereafter.’
    • ‘Instead, he focused on gathering data through systematic fieldwork among those he presumed represented the fading remnants of Pawnee, Blackfeet, and Cheyenne cultures.’
    • ‘This battle involved the U.S.A. army against the Sioux and Cheyenne Indians.’
    • ‘Otherwise, he said, he surely would have dispatched at least one of the attackers, who were Cheyenne warriors.’
    • ‘Miles used some of his Cheyenne scouts, battle participants two years earlier, to help him follow Custer's trail in an attempt to reconstruct what had occurred.’
    • ‘No one, not even the Indian scouts, had ever even seen a Sioux / Cheyenne encampment of more than 600-800 warriors.’
    • ‘Those of us who speak the Cheyenne language are quite possibly the last generation able to joke in our own language.’
    • ‘In 1925, there was a request from a Cheyenne woman for a memorial, but no action was taken.’
    • ‘After coming west, he served briefly as Secretary of Utah Territory before being killed by Cheyenne Indians during one of his many journeys across the Plains.’
    • ‘The two Cheyenne chiefs seated at the left front, War Bonnet and Standing In the Water, were killed the next year in the Sand Creek Massacre.’

Origin

Canadian French, from Dakota šahíyena, from šaia ‘speak incoherently’, from ša ‘red’ + ya ‘speak’.

Pronunciation

Cheyenne

/ʃʌɪˈan/