Definition of Chalcolithic in English:

Chalcolithic

adjective

Archaeology
  • 1Relating to or denoting a period in the 4th and 3rd millennia bc, chiefly in the Near East and SE Europe, during which some weapons and tools were made of copper. This period was still largely Neolithic in character.

    Also called Eneolithic
    • ‘There was a break in occupation, but the site was reoccupied in late Neolithic and Chalcolithic times.’
    • ‘Prehistoric finds are to be found in the same building, in the Musée d' Histoire Naturelle et de Préhistoire, notably several statue-menhirs from the Chalcolithic period.’
    • ‘Similarly, cattle husbandry was only introduced to the island during the Early Bronze Age, and faunal assemblages suggest that caprines and fallow deer were the main meat components of the Cypriot diet in the Chalcolithic period.’
    • ‘On the basis of available archaeological evidence, Chalcolithic feasting appears to have been conducted at a communal level.’
    • ‘Communal feasting practices in Cyprus have a long pedigree, possibly stretching back into the Chalcolithic period, but were certainly established by the prehistoric Bronze Age.’
    1. 1.1The Chalcolithic period.
      Also called Copper Age

Origin

Early 20th century: from Greek khalkos copper + lithos stone + -ic.

Pronunciation:

Chalcolithic

/ˌkalkə(ʊ)ˈlɪθɪk/