Definition of Carthusian in English:

Carthusian

noun

  • A monk or nun of an austere contemplative order founded by St Bruno in 1084.

    • ‘Generally speaking, this was the only time the brethren met, for what most marked the Carthusians apart was that they lived not communally but in isolation, each in his own cell.’
    • ‘Each of these small paintings portrays a Calvary scene with a kneeling Carthusian, recognizable by his white full-length scapular, fitted with a cowl.’
    • ‘In the face of God ‘there is neither priest nor layman, canon nor vicar, rich nor poor, Benedictine, Carthusian, Friar Minor nor Augustinian, for it is not a question of this or that status, degree, order’.’
    • ‘The entry on the rosary links its spread to Dominicans when, in fact, the medieval Carthusians were largely responsible for its popularity.’
    • ‘On an April day in 1746 at the grand convent of the Carthusians in Paris, about 200 monks arranged themselves in a long, snaking line. Each monk held one end of a 25-foot iron wire in each hand, connecting him to his neighbour on either side.’
    • ‘Zurbarán, for example, worked almost exclusively for religious orders such as the Dominicans and Carthusians, while Murillo's patrons were composed of both secular and regular clergy.’
    • ‘But it also allows silent monks and nuns to ‘preach,’ as the Carthusians liked to put it, ‘with their hands.’’
    • ‘The Benedictines (who, like the Carthusians, are now popularly associated with a high-quality liqueur based on distilled wine) thus owned extensive vineyards.’
    • ‘A wise combination of the communal and solitary elements of monasticism, Carthusians lived in separate cells with more private than common prayer.’
    • ‘What Malone says about reading and prayer is exactly what Guigo, a medieval Carthusian, noted eight centuries ago.’
    • ‘One of the earliest orders was that of the Benedictines, established by St Benedict towards the end of the 5th century ad, followed later by the Cluniacs in the 10th century, and the Carthusians and the Cistercians in the 11th century.’
    • ‘The Carthusians are a contemplative order who devote their lives to considering their faith in silence.’

adjective

  • Relating to the Carthusians.

    • ‘Actors brought to life the Royal Progress of Elizabeth I, her favourite the Earl of Leicester and other courtiers at the event in the Charterhouse, a former Carthusian priory in the City of London.’
    • ‘She is a Carthusian nun, and like her Carthusian brothers and sisters, she believes that the contemplative and active dimensions of the Christian life can be united in the work of the scribe.’
    • ‘The central focus of the current exhibition in Cleveland is the foundation of the Carthusian monastery of Champmol and the ducal tombs that once occupied its choir.’
    • ‘Margaret of Oingt was a nobly born French Carthusian nun who, once she had gained approval from her superiors, wrote a variety of works of remarkable vigour.’
    • ‘Ten months of isolation because of foot and mouth has brought the country's best preserved Carthusian monastery closer to nature.’
    • ‘Chatreuse is named for its silent ranks of Carthusian monks, hence ‘La Petite Chartreuse’ (the little Carthusian nun), which is the book's French title.’
    • ‘This is exactly what a group of Carthusian monks living near Grenoble in France did, and it made them famous, as well as getting them banished from their home and country.’
    • ‘The cycle of 54 pictures for the Carthusian monastery of El Paular, his largest commission, attests to his prolific imagination.’
    • ‘And so it should be, as it is the closest you can get to the original version of the elixir as created by those Carthusian monks in 1605, and it is almost 60 percent alcohol by volume.’
    • ‘On 12 April a worried Carthusian monk, Dom Gerle, who had hitherto voted with the patriots, moved a surprise motion to declare Catholicism the national religion and grant it the monopoly of public worship.’
    • ‘To be sure, the Carthusian order, founded by Saint Bruno in 1084, was home to accomplished steel workers who provided armament for the Crusades.’
    • ‘On the river Mosel, Archbishop Baldwin of Trier founded the Carthusian priory of St Alban in 1335, which was endowed with vineyards at Eitelsbach on the Ruwer, the Karthäuser Hofberg.’
    • ‘The Chartreuse de Champmol was founded for twenty-four monks and a prior, which was twice the usual number in a typical Carthusian foundation.’
    • ‘She describes Marguerite d' Oingt, a French Carthusian nun, working in the scriptorium of her thirteenth-century monastery, trying to express in words she does not yet possess the mystery and ambiguity of her own spiritual life.’
    • ‘In the first half of the century, this vocabulary was applied to mausolea in the Carthusian cemeteries of Bologna and Ferrara and the Vantiniano in Brescia.’
    • ‘Poccetti spent most of the 1590s working for various Carthusian houses, including the Certosa of Galluzzo, the Certosa of Pontignano, and the Certosa of Calci (Pisa).’
    • ‘Mount Grace is the best surviving example of a Carthusian monastery in Britain; its setting captures the remoteness and tranquillity sought by its founders in 1398.’
    • ‘Otto Brunfels, a Carthusian monk who later became a physician, recommended the healing qualities of the lily in his 1530 book, Herbarum Vivae Eicones.’
    • ‘Twenty years after his death he was canonized by Pope Honorius III, the first Carthusian saint.’
    • ‘The original chartreuse is Chartreuse Mountain, after which came the name La Grande Chartreuse, which was the Carthusian monastery in Grenoble.’

Origin

From medieval Latin Carthusianus, from Cart(h)usia, Latin name of Chartreuse, near Grenoble, where the order was founded.

Pronunciation:

Carthusian

/kɑːˈθjuːzɪən/