Definition of Bushman in English:



  • 1A member of any of several aboriginal peoples of southern Africa, especially of the Kalahari Desert. Traditionally nomadic hunter-gatherers, many are now employed by farmers.

    Also called san
    • ‘Once the Europeans expanded into South Africa, the Bushmen were squeezed from both sides: the foreigners from the Cape and the Bantu peoples from the south and east.’
    • ‘They are desperate to return to their land in the Central Kalahari Game Reserve, where Bushmen lived for thousands of years.’
    • ‘Further south in Botswana, the famous Bushmen of the Kalahari desert are being moved out of the reserve where they have ranged free for centuries.’
    • ‘The area is believed to have been inhabited originally by ethnic groups using a click-tongue language similar to that of Southern Africa's Bushmen.’
    • ‘Other safari highlights included watching a lion strut across the plains, meeting nomadic Bushmen on the fringes of the Serengeti, and seeing Ngorongoro Crater, which is considered one of the eight wonders of the world.’
    • ‘Omaheke is traditionally Herero, Tswana and Bushmen country, but most of the land is used by big cattle farms.’
    • ‘Lesotho was originally inhabited by the Bushmen who roamed southern Africa, as evidenced by the Bushmen drawings and paintings in the river gorges.’
    • ‘For those from the desert - Bedouins to Bushmen - 100-degree heat is hardly noteworthy.’
    • ‘I found the article because I was looking up something on the KhoiSan… the Bushmen of the Kalahari.’
    • ‘The Kung Bushmen of the Kalahari revere the praying mantis as a divine messenger.’
    • ‘Ben also called for support for the struggle of the country's Bushmen, presently facing extermination in the Central Kalahari Game Reserve.’
    • ‘The stories I've shot are as diverse as the Hawaiian Extinction Crisis to the fate of southern Africa's Bushmen.’
    • ‘These hunters were the original inhabitants of Namibia, having arrived some 2000 years ago; however, due to farm fences and national borders, the Bushmen's nomadic traditions are all but gone.’
    • ‘The fashion of renaming the Bushmen of Southwestern Africa as the ‘San’ exemplifies many of the problems with the name game.’
    • ‘Sesana and Gakelebone, along with two Bushmen from South Africa and other supporters accompanying them, plan to meet with Congressional leaders and visit the UN next month.’
    • ‘The Bushmen's desert home was turned into the Central Kalahari Game Reserve in the 1960s, specifically for them.’
    • ‘Tribal people like the Aborigines, Amerindians and Bushmen are the heirs to all the richness and diversity of the natural world.’
    • ‘On a more sober note, in several cultures, particularly some Native Americans, Australian Aborigines, and African Bushmen, among others, the first joint, or sometimes the entire finger, is amputated, as a sign of mourning.’
  • 2

    older term for san (the languages of these people)
    • ‘Professional translators whose native language is Bushman perform our English to Bushman translation.’
    • ‘Only professional translators whose native language is Vasekela bushman perform our English to Vasekela bushman translation.’
    • ‘These people all came from the Burgersdorp and Colesberg regions and variations of one similar-sounding 'Bushman' language.’
  • 3A person who lives, works, or travels in the Australian bush.

    • ‘The last Australian bushman still patrolling the country's famous rabbit proof fence on horseback is about to hang up his spurs.’
    • ‘He still had a bushman's hardness, but was just about worn out from decades of demanding bush work.’
    • ‘Randal Stafford, who had returned to his homestead on the 15th, was a well-educated resilient bushman who had experienced over 40 years of frontier life.’
    • ‘Mr Carless described his father as a typical bushman with a unique character, a determined nature and brimming with old-fashioned charm.’
    • ‘He is an accomplished painter, chef, raconteur and bushman.’
    • ‘No, the well-loved Australian bushman movie character is not about to jump into another adventure in space.’
    • ‘However he was a competent bushman and reliable bush worker, and Bryan also commented that he was an absolute marksman with a rifle.’
    • ‘But just when they've resigned themselves to spending the night in their stranded car, an eccentric bushman pulls up in his monster truck and offers to tow them to the deserted mining field he calls home.’
    • ‘More than a thousand people have attended the State funeral of the bushman and bootmaker RM Williams in Queensland this afternoon.’
    • ‘R.M.Williams, the bushman whose name has become an international brand, has just turned 95.’
    • ‘Do you imagine Bill Davidson as the tall, rangy Australian bushman of legend?’
    • ‘Then Mr Frost transformed from a rather frail-looking elderly man into an agile bushman.’
    • ‘By the 1860s he had become an experienced bushman and travelled widely around Cooper's Creek and the Darling River.’
    • ‘Searching for explanations, they fell back on the archetype of the Australian bushman.’
    • ‘When Chitty arrived in Melbourne to train with St Kilda he was a superbly fit young bushman from Cudgewa, at the foot of Mt Kosciuszko, where he ran 15 km a night checking 120 rabbit traps.’
    • ‘There she met Joe McDuff, salt-of-the-earth bushman, who won Bettina's heart after rescuing her from her lonely bush camp.’
    • ‘But Dan MacKinnon, of Westport, 25 years a bushman, is equally certain.’
    • ‘He was undoubtedly a good bushman, and a good rifleman.’
    • ‘The deaths occurred following the murder of a white bushman, Fred Brooks, on August 7, 1928.’
    • ‘Henry was to become another of the legends and, while he had a bushman's and a stockman's skills, it was as a champion football player that he bedazzled all who were privileged to see him play.’