Main definitions of bohemian in English

: bohemian1Bohemian2

bohemian1

noun

  • A socially unconventional person, especially one who is involved in the arts.

    ‘Warhol and the artists and bohemians he worked with in the 1960s’
    nonconformist, unconventional person, beatnik, hippy, avant-gardist, free spirit, dropout, artistic person
    View synonyms

adjective

  • Socially unconventional in an artistic way.

    ‘as an opera singer you live a bohemian lifestyle’
    ‘the urban setting and jazz score give the film a bohemian feel’
    ‘a bohemian community of artists’
    unconventional, nonconformist, unorthodox, avant-garde, offbeat, off-centre, irregular, original, alternative, experimental, artistic, idiosyncratic, eccentric
    View synonyms

Origin

Mid 19th century: from French bohémien ‘Gypsy’ (because Gypsies were thought to come from Bohemia (now part of the Czech Republic), or because they perhaps entered the West through Bohemia).

Pronunciation

bohemian

/bəʊˈhiːmɪən/

Main definitions of bohemian in English

: bohemian1Bohemian2

Bohemian2

noun

  • A native or inhabitant of Bohemia (now the western part of the Czech Republic).

    • ‘The fact that any guests would be Jews or Bohemians barely registered on her.’
    • ‘By the late second century C.E., peoples such as the Slavs, Germans, Huns, and Bohemians began to raid Austria.’
    • ‘The same result was attained on other frontiers by his successful campaigns against the Wends and Bohemians.’

adjective

  • Relating to Bohemia or its people.

    ‘the tombs of Bohemian kings’
    ‘engraved Bohemian glass’
    • ‘All have damask walls, marble floors and Bohemian crystal chandeliers.’
    • ‘Ludvik Moser began making glassware at Carlsbad in 1857 and today Bohemian crystal is prized around the world.’
    • ‘I heard talk in the hostel of aqueducts and Bohemian quarters and local volcanoes, but I haven't seen them yet.’
    • ‘Anyone who reads this blog on a regular basis knows I'm a big fan of the Bohemian philosopher king, Vaclav Havel.’
    • ‘The rarely heard Hussite overture opens the programme, a powerful piece laced with Bohemian rhythms and melodies, taking its name from the Hussite warriors of Czech folklore.’
    • ‘Much better are Czech puppets, reasonably priced and wonderful creations - from the simplest hand puppet to terrifyingly complicated creations, from Bohemian witches to Harry Potter, wolves, cats and dragons.’
    • ‘Hundreds of restaurants offer everything from traditional Bohemian cooking to international cuisine.’
    • ‘The most prestigious traditional Bohemian glass decoration, Tiefschnit, or deep, intaglio carving, was also adopted by the artists of the avant-garde.’
    • ‘Moravian wine is better than Bohemian wine.’
    • ‘It has a lovely, weathered, Bohemian charm to it.’
    • ‘CAS, which is 60% proof, is handmade using traditional Bohemian skills and combines pure alcohol with wormwood, herbs and thujone.’
    • ‘People rush off to antique shops and pay a fortune for Bohemian glass but forget it came from the same glass works that now make Czechoslovakian Glass.’
    • ‘It was reinforced in the middle of the sixteenth century by the attempts of Ferdinand I, the Holy Roman emperor and Bohemian king, to bring the population back under the influence of the Roman Catholic Church.’
    • ‘References to Bohemian metalworking and glass traditions appear here and there.’
    • ‘Also secured was official authority of the Bohemian kings over Moravia.’
    • ‘Although Bohemian glass decorators were certainly present in London around the dawn of the eighteenth century, the locals were already carving their own path.’
    • ‘With his dapper suits and Bohemian cravats, Demarco quickly became an instantly recognisable figure on the Edinburgh arts scene.’
    • ‘After his enforced retirement from the army, Gillray's father became a sexton for the Moravians, a fundamentalist Christian sect of Bohemian origin.’
    • ‘During the day the bridge is so crowded with tourists and street vendors that it's difficult to move, but I manage to buy some beautifully crafted Bohemian glass trinkets for my mom and some friends.’
    • ‘Rafael Kubelik, on the other hand, felt the affinities with Mahler's Bohemian origins.’

Pronunciation

Bohemian

/bəʊˈhiːmɪən/