Main definitions of basic in English

: basic1BASIC2

basic1

adjective

  • 1Forming an essential foundation or starting point; fundamental.

    ‘certain basic rules must be obeyed’
    ‘the laying down of arms is basic to the agreement’
    • ‘The question you have asked is basic to much of modern-day science activity.’
    • ‘Differentiation, diversity and thus complexity are basic to the beauty of creation.’
    • ‘This mix of a legume and grass is basic to pasture in New Zealand.’
    • ‘Readers' support is no doubt very basic to the survival of any periodical.’
    • ‘This kind of scepticism is basic to the English political tradition, whose truths force themselves upon all governments.’
    • ‘A more flexible labour market is basic to our recent economic success.’
    • ‘Writing about the environment and about how science affects people is as basic to the trade as writing about money or politics.’
    • ‘It is basic to our sense of security, stability, educational success and health.’
    • ‘I take this to be basic to poetry and to art in general, though I realize that this is not true for many poets, at the moment.’
    • ‘Place the things that are most important and functionally basic to the site's purpose at the forefront.’
    • ‘Access to information is basic to the democratic way of life.’
    • ‘Digital imaging standardization is basic to all image decision support systems.’
    • ‘He claimed that outstanding scientific collections were basic to first-rate scientific work.’
    • ‘Abundance and the variety and quality of raw ingredients have been basic to American cookery from the beginning.’
    • ‘Throughout the day they constantly freshened their makeup and adjusted their hair ornaments, and a mirror was of course basic to these tasks.’
    • ‘Reciprocity was basic to all forms of social interaction in ancient Mediterranean society.’
    • ‘Worship, silence and manual labour were basic to the regime of communities which later provided educational and medical services.’
    • ‘Design and craft fulfil practical needs, but they are elevated from the absolute basic to an interactive experience.’
    • ‘Cheap labor and materials are basic to postwar industry and finances.’
    • ‘Principles generally accepted as basic to democracy are those of political equality and popular control of government.’
    fundamental, rudimentary, primary, principal, cardinal, chief, elementary, elemental, root
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    1. 1.1 Offering or constituting the minimum required without elaboration or luxury.
      ‘the food was good, if a bit basic’
      • ‘Forest dwelling hunter-gatherer communities are never very large, but they need a basic minimum area for subsistence.’
      • ‘It has some really fun recipes, ranging from very basic to quite advanced.’
      • ‘We will illustrate this in several conservative portfolios running from basic to fully developed.’
      • ‘The question seems almost too basic: What constitutes successful treatment?’
      • ‘This should lead to a form that requires families to list their basic contact information.’
      • ‘Let's take a look at several different toplogies, from basic to more advanced.’
      • ‘Almost any operating system can meet the basic task requirements you listed.’
      • ‘Contestants will have limited food and are only allowed to take with them two basic luxury items.’
      • ‘Though we found them to be tasty enough, it would be difficult for such basic offerings to be made truly impressive.’
      • ‘The business jet also comes with a choice of interior decoration ranging from the basic to sumptuous.’
      • ‘Shopping carts range from basic to those with more advanced options.’
      • ‘We are not talking about luxury extras, but basic programmed repairs.’
      • ‘I know it seems kinda basic to be writing this, I mean, we're all skiers here right?’
      • ‘But, in general the musical tastes of the kids in Wales was basic to say the least.’
      • ‘The following list is a minimum basic guide as to what you will need.’
      • ‘Keep your potatoes basic to make them a beneficial part of your diet.’
      • ‘His product has the advantage of being faster than most rivals' basic broadband offerings.’
      • ‘What are the basic minimum requirements for one to set up a restaurant and do these so called restaurants meet the standards?’
      • ‘Accommodation on safari varies from basic camping to luxury lodges and tented camps.’
      • ‘You'll find the most basic offerings are the healthiest ones as well.’
      lowest, bottom, starting, ground, undermost
      plain, simple, unsophisticated, straightforward, adequate, unadorned, undecorated, unornamented, without frills
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    2. 1.2 Common to or required by everyone; primary and ineradicable or inalienable.
      ‘basic human rights’
      • ‘It seems a process of alienation has taken place that has undermined common sense and basic human decency.’
      • ‘This bill shows the government's disrespect for basic human rights and established legal principles.’
      • ‘The four fundamental interests are embodied in an authoritative code of basic human rights.’
      • ‘Leaving a small child alone at home defies basic, fundamental common sense.’
      • ‘Literacy is both an essential skill and a basic human right.’
      • ‘Best of all, his choreography speaks unabashedly from and to basic human emotions.’
      • ‘And the shortest road to equality is to provide for everyone's basic human needs free of charge.’
      • ‘I agree that substantial freedoms are a vital component of basic human dignity.’
      • ‘Asylum and immigration issues have at their heart the fundamental principles of basic human rights.’
      • ‘Revenge is a basic human emotion, but revenge only becomes justice if carried out by the State.’
      • ‘Everyone accepts that freedom of speech is a basic human right.’
      • ‘The business is still profitable as everyone needs basic commodities regardless of price or financial standing.’
      • ‘It has to do with the basic human repertoire of emotions, cognitive capabilities and even longevity of life.’
      • ‘Being a week of Remembrance, we all need to observe that everyone has the basic human right to freedom of speech.’
      • ‘The meeting would help to raise awareness that everyone should enjoy the basic human right of freedom of choice in marriage, she said.’
      • ‘How many of those elements are set forth in or necessarily implied by the basic human rights instruments?’
      • ‘That philosophy is that there is a basic human right of health for everyone.’
      • ‘Many constitutions require that basic rights can be curtailed only if less onerous measures are not available.’
      • ‘As we hear today what the year may bring forth, I think it is wise to remind ourselves of these three basic human requirements.’
      • ‘We treat food as a marketable commodity, instead of as a basic human necessity.’
    3. 1.3North American informal, derogatory Having tastes, interests, or attitudes regarded as mainstream or conventional (typically used of a woman)
      ‘if your date orders vegetable tempura you know she is totally basic’
  • 2Chemistry
    Having the properties of a base, or containing a base; having a pH above 7.

    ‘these salts yield basic solutions comparable in strength with the mineral alkalis’
    Often contrasted with acidic and alkaline
    • ‘In the presence of a basic solution, litmus will lose hydronium ions and turn blue.’
    • ‘Compounds that react with water to form hydroxide ions are called basic anhydrides.’
    • ‘Values between 7 and 14 are found in basic or alkaline solutions such as caustic or washing soda.’
    • ‘A water solution of soda ash has a basic pH and a strong alkaline taste.’
    • ‘Blue litmus paper turns red in acidic solution, and red litmus paper turns blue in basic solution.’
    1. 2.1Geology (of rock, especially lava) relatively poor in silica.
      ‘a coarse-grained, basic, plutonic rock’
      • ‘Enstatite occurs in plutonic basic and ultrabasic rocks such as peridotite and norite, and also in some high-grade metamorphic rocks.’
      • ‘Quarzitic gneiss, low-grade metamorphic basic rocks, phyllites and dark chert can be abundant in some layers.’
      • ‘The Liva Member includes parts of the formation composed of basic lavas and tuffs with only minor interbedded sediments.’
      • ‘All the Gardar basic rocks are inferred to have been derived from the mantle, with relatively little crustal contamination.’
      • ‘It appears that basic magmas across the Gardar Province were derived from a heterogeneous, enriched lithospheric mantle reservoir.’
    2. 2.2Metallurgy Relating to or denoting steel-making processes involving lime-rich refractories and slags.
      • ‘Accounting for 60% of the world's total output of crude steel, the Basic Oxygen Steelmaking (BOS) process is the dominant steelmaking technology.’
      • ‘I moved to the open hearth to explore the use of basic refractories-magnesite, chrome-magnesite and chrome brick-for furnace linings.’
      • ‘Refractory bricks for steel production include Basic refractory bricks and High-Alumina refractory bricks.’
      • ‘The refractories for casting a basic substance are used for ladles, tundishes, vacuum degasing furnaces, mixers, and the like.’
      • ‘The lining must resist high temperature, oxidized basic slag and liquid metal.’

noun

basics
informal
  • 1The essential facts or principles of a subject or skill.

    ‘I learnt the basics of programming on a course’
    ‘teachers are going back to basics to encourage pupils to learn English’
    • ‘Instead we should return to core food values, back to nutritional basics and revert to the heritage school dinners of old.’
    • ‘But once the bubble has burst they turn back to basics and begin studying exactly what companies and their profits are up to.’
    • ‘Under the program, nutrition educators taught students the basics about healthy eating.’
    • ‘By now you might have taken some of my words to heart, and so here are the basics in buying and owning a scooter’
    • ‘Beth ran her through the basics, softly explaining how the gun functioned.’
    • ‘More importantly though, it reminded me to get back to basics as far as parenting skills go, and dig out some of the books out of the boxes.’
    • ‘It is time to take a good hard look at our daily routines and re-learn the basics that are essential for health and longevity.’
    • ‘Once you're comfortable with the tai chi basics, you can do it by yourself.’
    • ‘Most of the suffering due to sickness could be avoided if we knew the basics of health, exercise and nutrition.’
    • ‘A It's all too easy sometimes to forget the healthcare basics.’
    • ‘He felt that the best way to go back to basics was to start teaching.’
    • ‘Until you understand the basics of functions and algebra, the thought that a number can be predicted is a surprising one.’
    • ‘Players do the equivalent of tying a piece of string around their finger to remember the basics.’
    • ‘I'm thinking it'll be necessary to go right back to basics.’
    • ‘This explains why one of the basics of food hygiene is to keep raw or cold food cold, and cooked or hot food, piping hot.’
    • ‘What really bothers me is that people seem to have an incomplete foundation in the basics of language skills.’
    • ‘It's quite alright to start within your comfort zone to help you build confidence and get the basics down pat.’
    • ‘Most Mothering readers know the basics of a healthy parent-child relationship.’
    • ‘Hence, the need of the hour is a school for our youth and talented players to congregate and learn the basics and the skills of the sport.’
    • ‘And surely they're old enough to learn the basics of critical thinking skills and skeptical analysis.’
    fundamentals, essentials, rudiments, principles, first principles, foundations, preliminaries, groundwork
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 Essential food and other supplies.
      ‘people are facing a shortage of basics like flour’
      • ‘After surviving such an event, people need basics - food, shelter, medical care, and consolation.’
      • ‘Restrict yourself to the basics, like a barley soup and some canned vegetables.’
      • ‘These people are not even afforded the very basics of health care, like vaccines or antibiotics.’
      • ‘Aid agencies on the ground continued to warn that millions across the region were without the basics of food and clean water.’
      • ‘When it comes down to basics it is really nothing more than an amalgam of sugar, salt, herbs, spices and vitamins with brewer's yeast.’
      • ‘On other occasions, the candidate had promised a nation where people do not have to choose between basics, such as food and medicine.’
      • ‘Many people appear to be saving their spare cash after paying out more for basics such as food, transport and health.’
      • ‘Grain farming became less popular - this, again, kept towns and cities short of such basics as bread.’
      • ‘Rule one is stick to basics: Order baked or broiled meat dishes, without breading or sauces.’
      • ‘They are concerned with getting the basics for survival; shelter, food, water.’
      • ‘Upon chancing a nibble, however, I felt that it could have done with a little bit more of the basics, namely salt and pepper.’
      • ‘Customers could still buy basics like salt, vinegar, tobacco, soap and candles.’
      • ‘Here are a few ways to make the most of your party basics without skimping on style or comfort’
      • ‘The seniors identified a need for basics such as food, water and shelter.’
      • ‘Lentils and a few spices and other basics can lead to unexpected winter delights on a budget.’
      • ‘Even the animals' access to basics such as water, food and veterinary care is often severely limited.’
      • ‘A $24,000 income leaves no room to purchase basics such as health insurance or new clothing.’
      • ‘In my shopping basket I always have vegetable basics like carrots, broccoli and spinach in a bag.’
      • ‘It is not an addiction, it is simply that good cheese is as high on my list of basics for a decent life as good bread, strong coffee and leafy green salad.’
      • ‘Families crowd into tiny, ramshackle homes and scrounge for food as well as soap, paper and other basics.’

Origin

Mid 19th century: from base + -ic.

Pronunciation

basic

/ˈbeɪsɪk/

Main definitions of basic in English

: basic1BASIC2

BASIC2

noun

mass noun
  • A simple high-level computer programming language that uses familiar English words, designed for beginners and formerly used widely.

Origin

1960s: acronym from Beginners' All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code.

Pronunciation

BASIC

/ˈbeɪsɪk/