Definition of Aztec in English:



  • 1A member of the American Indian people dominant in Mexico before the Spanish conquest of the 16th century.

    • ‘According to the exhibit commentary, the Aztecs excavated the major Olmec sites, in a quest for their past.’
    • ‘It's been consumed for centuries - Aztecs used to harvest it from a now obliterated lake in the spot where Mexico city is built.’
    • ‘The Aztecs had conquered the Nahuatl and perhaps had even sacrificed a few of Juan's relatives to the hungry gods.’
    • ‘But there is a painting of her wearing a mask of La Malinche, the Indian mistress of the Spanish conqueror of the Aztecs.’
    • ‘Look at the Aztecs, the Incas, Mesopotamia, the Mongols, The Europeans, Timbuktu, China, Japan.’
    • ‘In 1521, Spanish conquerers captured Mexico City from the Aztecs.’
    • ‘The Aztecs inherited from the Toltec and the Maya the practice of human sacrifice.’
    • ‘Pre-Columbian civilisations such as the Inca and the Aztecs failed to turn the wheel from a toy into a practical tool.’
    • ‘Youngsters in three classes have this term been learning about the Aztecs who ruled over modern day Mexico before the Spanish conquest in the 16th century.’
    • ‘Any one of the late agrarian empires in Eurasia could, in principle, have overwhelmed the Incas and the Aztecs almost as easily as the Spaniards did.’
    • ‘The Mayans, Incas and Aztecs all have had their creation myths, but these tell us equally little about how their societies actually came into being.’
    • ‘There must've been a point when the Aztecs realized the Spanish weren't supernatural beings and could be killed.’
    • ‘The Spanish assault upon the Aztecs is a presiding symbol of Western brutality and colonialism.’
    • ‘In Los Montezumas, the confrontation of the Spanish and Aztecs in Mexico is acted out.’
    • ‘The discussion was about how the Aztecs and the Incas were establishing empires.’
    • ‘Even though they weren't the most sophisticated culture, or the most refined compared to, say, the Maya, the Aztecs were highly expressive.’
    • ‘Between Mayas and Aztecs came the Toltecs, who incised five holes on their human-bone flutes.’
    • ‘I vividly remember when I first became fascinated by the Aztecs of Mexico.’
    • ‘The technique was later used by 12 th century Aztecs in the floating fields of Xochimilco.’
    • ‘And after his conquest of the Aztecs, Mexico City was built on the ruins of Tenochtitlan.’
  • 2[mass noun] The extinct language of the Aztecs, a Uto-Aztecan language from which modern Nahuatl is descended.

    • ‘However, the greatest number of Nicaraguanisms come from Aztec and Nahuat languages.’
    • ‘St Luke's gospel was published in Mexican, or Aztec, in 1833.’
    • ‘A descendant of the now extinct Aztec, the language of the ancient Aztec empire, Nahuatl is spoken today by approximately 1 million people, mainly in Mexico.’


  • Relating to or denoting the Aztecs or their language.

    • ‘In 1434 the rulers of the Aztec city of Tenochtitlán formed the so-called Triple Alliance with the rulers of Texcoco and Tlacopan.’
    • ‘The Aztec god Quetzalcoatl, lord of life and death, is a composite figure, an intermediary between creatures.’
    • ‘For Mesoamerica, evidently, the foodways described under Aztec food and Maya food have constituted important culinary traditions whose influence can still be detected.’
    • ‘We recently wrote about the practice of cannibalism by Aztec royalty in ‘Celebrating the Aztecs’ and ‘Why the Aztecs?’’
    • ‘The priests in Tenochtitlan, the Aztec capital, climbed to the top of their sky watchers' temple on the Hill of the Star to witness this auspicious sign.’
    • ‘She was able to incorporate elements of pop culture, Indian, Aztec mythology, surrealism, a whole variety of things in which many people can identify.’
    • ‘Made from the beans of the tropical plant Theobroma cacao, cocoa was a favorite drink of ancient Maya and Aztec people in Mesoamerica.’
    • ‘The inside could be likened to an Mayan or Aztec temple of ancient times.’
    • ‘Not like the Inca or Aztec civilizations, Colombian Indians lived in a more compact area.’
    • ‘Left in charge of Tenochtitlán in 1520, his brutality sparked a temporarily successful Aztec revolt.’
    • ‘They looked more like Aztec or Mayan symbols, but in a Romanized kind of style.’
    • ‘These migrating groups of people brought with them the Aztec language and culture, both of which persist in various forms today in Nicaragua.’
    • ‘And Chef Jody reminds us about Aztec emperor Montezuma, who according to legend drank 40 glasses of hot chocolate a day, convinced it would make him powerful.’
    • ‘The first evidence of caffeine use is from Aztec records during the time of the leader Montezuma.’
    • ‘The Memorial is to be shaped in the likeness of the Aztec God of Hope, ‘Quetzalcoatl,’ a feathered serpent.’
    • ‘While studying Aztec civilization, however, Morriss had discovered something else strange and intriguing, rarely mentioned and little researched.’
    • ‘They were grown by the Aztec emperor Montezuma, revered in ancient China and cultivated in medieval Iceland because of their supposed aphrodisiac properties.’
    • ‘Ancient Mayan Inca and Aztec women believed that avocados fed the skin from the inside and outside.’
    • ‘He relates the story of the Aztec leader Montezuma who was unsure of what to make of the arrival of Cortez and his Spanish troops.’
    • ‘This Sunday various Mexican and Latin American cultural organizations will be holding a kermes, or fair, in memory of the destruction of the ancient Aztec city of Tenochtitlan.’


From French Aztèque or Spanish Azteca, from Nahuatl aztecatl person of Aztlan, their legendary place of origin.