Definition of Ashkenazi in English:

Ashkenazi

noun

  • A Jew of central or eastern European descent. More than 80 per cent of Jews today are Ashkenazim; they preserve Palestinian rather than Babylonian Jewish traditions and some still use Yiddish.

    Compare with sephardi
    • ‘Poland continued for many years to be the center of the Ashkenazi Jewish world as we shall see in future installments.’
    • ‘Its history means, of course, that it is an Ashkenazi rather than a Sephardi food.’
    • ‘European Jews are divided mainly between the Jews of Spain and Portugal, the Sephardim, and the Jews from German-speaking countries in central and eastern Europe, the Ashkenazim.’
    • ‘Collaboration between Sephardim and Ashkenazim was limited, due to differences of language and culture.’
    • ‘There are other disorders, occurring more frequently in the Ashkenazi Jewish population, for which carrier testing is also available.’
    • ‘The wealthier and more influential Sephardim spoke Italian and Ladino, while the Yiddish of the Ashkenazim had to compete with the more prestigious English.’
    • ‘They'd never met an Ashkenazi Jew in their life.’
    • ‘There were Ashkenazim and Sephardim, Ethiopians and Russians, American students and fourth-generation sabras.’
    • ‘The European and the Ashkenazi Jew samples are pooled and referred to as Caucasian.’
    • ‘Many felt discriminated against once they went to Israel, which was dominated by Ashkenazim or European Jews’
    • ‘I also discovered recently that my ancestors were Ashkenazi Jews from Eastern Europe.’
    • ‘The economic crises of the 1920s coincided with the American Quota Acts, that converted Cuba into an alternative migration destination and thus to a meeting point of Ashkenazi and Sephardic Jews.’
    • ‘Yet they are all there - religious and non-religious, Ashkenazim and Sephardim.’
    • ‘The American love of gherkins comes from the Russian, Eastern European and Ashkenazi Jewish diaspora.’
    • ‘It was necessary also that they be freshly instructed in the Mosaic law and the Jewish observances by the Ashkenazi rabbis of Amsterdam, who were deeply suspicious of the Sephardic traditions of Spain.’
    • ‘Among Ashkenazi Jewish women, it's one in eight.’
    • ‘The Sephardic Jews differed from their Ashkenazi brethren in their language, customs, and habits.’
    • ‘There are famous disputes, for example, between Orthodox Jews of Ashkenazi and Sephardic origin over the status of corn and rice on Passover.’
    • ‘The vast majority of American Jews are of Ashkenazi descent, meaning that their ancestors had settled in Germany and Eastern Europe.’
    • ‘The Ashkenazi speak Yiddish and came from Hungary, Rumania, Germany and Poland.’

Origin

From modern Hebrew, from Ashkenaz, grandson of Japheth, one of the sons of Noah (Gen. 10:3).

Pronunciation:

Ashkenazi

/ˌaʃkəˈnɑːzi/