Definition of Aramaean in English:


(also Aramean)


  • A member of an ancient Aramaic-speaking people inhabiting Aram (modern Syria) and most of Mesopotamia in the 11th–8th centuries BC.

    • ‘The prophet Amos reminds us that, like us, the Ethiopians, Philistines, and Arameans have roles in God's plan.’
    • ‘The majority of those who joined the movement during the eighth and ninth centuries were Persians and Aramaeans who protested the privileged position of the Arabs within Islam and demanded equality for all Muslims.’
    • ‘The Syrians call themselves Arameans, and their language is called Aramaic.’


  • Relating to Aram or the Aramaeans.

    • ‘Elisha tells Namaan to come, and when he comes, it is with all the Aramean horses and chariots that have otherwise been deployed so bloodily on the battlefield.’
    • ‘They imported chariots and horses from Egypt and traded them on to the Neo-Hittite and Aramean kingdoms to their north and northeast.’
    • ‘The Brahmi numerals came from Aramaean numerals.’
    • ‘One of the most powerful Aramean kingdoms in this period was the kingdom of Damascus.’


From Latin Aramaeus (from Greek Aramaios: see Aramaic)+ -an.