Definition of Achaean in English:

Achaean

adjective

  • 1Relating to Achaea in ancient Greece.

    • ‘Argos was an Achaean city in the Peloponnesus.’
    • ‘The Achaean soldiers always sacrificed to Zeus.’
    • ‘In 224 Antigonus marched south, organized his allies into a Hellenic League under Macedonian presidency, restored Achaean influence in Arcadia and in 222 invaded Laconia.’
    1. 1.1literary (especially in Homeric contexts) Greek.
      • ‘He kills almost a dozen Greek captains and the Achaean line begins to flee.’
      • ‘He begged the whole Achaean army but most of all the two supreme commanders, Atreus' two sons,’
      • ‘The war had also weakened the coalition in the region which included Troy, allowing successful Achaean expansion from across the Aegean under Agememnon.’
      • ‘The entire Achaean army is kept well supplied at Troy; Eumaios has plenty of wine in his humble hut; and even plowmen drink wine to refresh themselves in the course of their work.’
      • ‘Apparently particularly prominent in this respect is the North Aegean region, the home of Maron and Euneos's special gift-worthy wines and of the Thracian wine brought daily to Troy for the Achaean army.’

noun

  • 1An inhabitant of Achaea.

    • ‘Philopoemen, the ancient leader of the Achaeans, is the embodiment of a prince who is constantly engaged in military affairs.’
    • ‘The island's Greek heritage dates back to the Achaeans from southern Greece, who settled there between 2000 and 1600 BC.’
    • ‘In Thessaly, the original revolt of the slaves occurred because the Thessalians were still at war with the neighbouring Achaeans and Magnesians.’
    1. 1.1literary (especially in Homeric contexts) a Greek.
      • ‘Sing, O goddess, the anger of Achilles son of Peleus, that brought countless ills upon the Achaeans.’
      • ‘He was the best of the Achaeans, a warrior by whom all other warriors were to be measured.’
      • ‘In terms of simple military success, Achilles is 'the best of the Achaeans', or Greeks, but he takes the heroic code of honour to extremes.’
      • ‘Chryses approached the Achaeans ' fast ships to win his daughter back, bringing a priceless ransom.’
      • ‘The procedure is exactly the same as Chryses' in Book 1 of the Iliad, where the priest reminds Apollo of his piety on many occasions, so that the god may feel the readier to punish the Achaeans for their blasphemy.’

Pronunciation:

Achaean

/əˈkiːən/